“The the study of God and religious beliefs.

“The quality of knowledge produced by an academic discipline is directly proportional to the duration of historical development of that discipline.”

 

If we look at the history of ideas
in the West we can see that one discipline gives birth to other disciplines.
Disciplines are like a family tree. Disciplines are a branch of knowledge. (Oxford Dictionary , 2017). The earliest
disciplines are such things as philosophy, theology and the arts. From these
disciplines we see other disciplines grow, such as the natural sciences and
social sciences. Therefore, to say that the older ones are better than the
newer ones, is not an easy statement to make. The reason for this is that they
are related to each other. Older ones give birth to newer ones. The areas of
knowledge, contain religious knowledge systems, and holds the discipline of
theology. In theology you have an ancient idea of the first mover. And the
focus is the study of God and religious beliefs. Social sciences consist of the
discipline of astrophysics. In astrophysics The Big Bang Theory is regarded as
the explanation for the creation of the universe. Both theologians and astrophysicists believe in the creation of the
world. Interestingly enough, the
Big Bang was first introduced by Georges Lemaitre, a physicist and catholic
priest. Even though social science is dependent on the physical reality, and
theology is dependent on faith. In order for Georges Lemaitre, to have reached
a conclusion that the Universe was indeed expanding 14 billion years ago, he
must have had faith in his own theory. This is where science and theology
merge. The thesis statement of the essay is: Older disciplines such as theology
give birth to newer disciplines such as social science. In this essay I will
talk about theology and the idea of the first mover, and compare it to astrophysics
and the Big Bang Theory.

Social sciences as an academic
discipline is relatively new, beginning in the 18th century.

The
Big Bang Theory was introduced by Georges Lemaitre in 1927.  He was a professor of physics and a catholic
priest. According to Georges Lemaitre 14 billion years ago the universe
expanded, from matter that was packed together in a dense state. This theory believes
that the universe was created from a single atom, meaning there is a certain
beginning to everything we know today. Georges Lemaitre’s theory, involves the
method of induction. Which meant he went from the specific to the general. Everything
is made of atoms, therefore the atom must have created everything, and this
applies to the Big Bang Theory. Georges Lemaitre could only obtain evidence for
his theory, would be through empirical research and reasoning/logic. This is
crucial in social science, and for Georges Lemaitre to have reached a
scientific explanation as to how the universe expanded from atoms. (win, Big Bang Theory:
Explanation in simple words., 2014). Theology as an
academic discipline is one of the oldest disciplines. Which includes the study
of God and religious beliefs. Thomas Aquinas a theologian and Italian priest,
from the 13th century, mentioned in one of his logical arguments for
the existence of God, that something cannot come from nothing. This is a mix of
reasoning but also faith. This is one of Thomas Aquinas’s famous explanations
for the existence of God, or that a creation cannot from nothing, which
supports the idea of a creation coming from a creator. Theology believes in the
beginning of the first mover. This is seen as a cosmological argument, because
the universe exists, there must exist a creator. In contrary to induction, this
is deductive reasoning. Which is reasoning from general to specific. (Lagemaat, 2015). This is reasoning
seen as more certain, but less informative. As it is solely based on faith and
reasoning, but leaves out empirical research. The belief in God’s existence,
making it unable to use empirical reasoning, is dependent on faith, emotions
and deductive reasoning.

 

Although,
the two disciplines: theology and social sciences, are two very different
disciplines, and theology is older than social sciences, there are certain
areas they have in common. Theology has in some way given birth to social
sciences. As both believe in the beginning of the universe, and that something
gave life to it, is already the first comparison between them. Theology is very
much build on faith, emotions but also reasoning. God is not something that can
be touched, it can be felt, but also explained with reasoning using deductive
reasoning. Social sciences, in particular The Big Bang has managed to become a
piece of evidence due to empirical reasoning and inductive reasoning. However,
in order for this theory to have come into existence, Georges Lemaitre, must
have had faith in his theory. This is crucial, and one of the major comparisons
between social sciences and theology. Theology has given birth to some of the
ways of knowing, that are today also seen in social sciences. Including
reasoning, which is seen in theology in the form of deductive reasoning. Even
though most theologians and scientists would like to keep theology and science
separated, a new discipline could have not been created without using certain
beliefs from older disciplines. Religious books such as the Bible, is said to
be send by the God, therefore the teachings are sealed and not meant to changed,
but to be lived by. The Bible was send approximately 1200 and 165 BC, and was
the explanation for the universe. It still manages to live through newer
disciplines such as social science, which is producing new knowledge about the
existence of the universe to this day, however keeping in mind theologian
ideas. The physicist, Georges Lemaitre is a good example of how ideas in
theology and social sciences have merged. He was both a priest and physicist,
and his belief in God, must have driven some of his ideas about the scientific
explanation of the universe. Therefore, older disciplines are not necessarily
better than newer disciplines. Newer disciplines uses ways of knowing seen in
older disciplines. In this case it is faith and reasoning.

 

The
thesis statement of the essay is: Older disciplines such as theology give birth
to newer disciplines such as social science. This statement challenged the
prescribed title, which was “The quality of
knowledge produced by an academic discipline is directly proportional to the
duration of historical development of that discipline.” Throughout the essay it
was seen that while theology and social sciences are seen as different
disciplines driven on different beliefs, they cannot work without reasoning nor
faith. Older disciplines are not better than newer ones. The teachings in
theology themselves do not change, but people change it to make it fit into
their lives and way of living. Theology can be explained easily, in the sense
that a creator exists, because the universe has been created, but science keeps
releasing new theories to explain how the universe works and when it was
created. However, keeping in mind one of the older disciplines which includes
reasoning and faith.

It is important to know as this might
eliminate misconceptions about older disciplines being better than newer ones.
From older disciplines new ones are born, therefore, newer disciplines make us
of certain teachings and or whatever in their disciplines, as seen with
theology and social sciences. And in order for new disciplines to have come
into existence, they must have obtained certain ideas from older disciplines.