Lentil been accompanied by the selection of traits

Lentil (Lens culinarisMedik) is one of the most
ancient annual food crops that have been grown as an important food source for
over 8,000 years 1. Dhuppar P, Biyan S, Chintapalli B, Rao S (2012) Lentil
Crop Production in the Context of Climate Change: An Appraisal. Indian Research
Journal of Extension Education 2(Special Issue): 33-35. 2. Oplinger ES, Hardman
LL, Kaminski AR, Kelling KA, Doll JD (1990) Departments of Agronomy and Soil
Science, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences and Cooperative Extension
Service, University of Wisconsin-Madison and Department of Agronomy and Plant
Genetics, University of Minnesota.. It is one of the early domesticated
species,as old as those of einkorn, emmer, barley and pea for cultivation 3.
Bahle PN, Lal S, Sharma BM (1993) An overview of the production and problems in
Southeast Asia. In: Erskine W &Saxena MC (Eds.), Lentil in South Asia.
Proceedings of the seminar on lentils in south Asia, ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria, p.
1-10. 4. Cokkizgin A, Munqez JY (2013) Lentil: Origin, Cultivation Techniques,
Utilization and Advances in Transformation. Agricultural Science 1(1): 55-62.
Canada, India, Turkey, Australia, United States of America, Nepal, China, and
Ethiopia are the major players in global lentil production 5. FAOSTAT (2013)
Agricultural Data on Primary Crops. Both red and green lentils are produced in
the region with variable proportion. It is an important crop in food,feed and
farming systems of West Asia and North and East Africa 6. Akibode S, Maredia M
(2011) Global and Regional Trends in Production, Trade and Consumption of Food
Legume Crops.. It has been established in a wide range of agro-ecology but
production is limited to tropical areas. The spread of lentil from the center
of origin has been accompanied by the selection of traits important for
adaptation to environments that can be climate, soil and their impact on season
length, abiotic and biotic stresses 7. Materne M, Siddique KHM (2009)
Agro-ecology and lentil crop adaption. In: Erskine W, et al. (Eds.), The Lentil
botany, Production and use. CAB International Ltd, Europe, p. 47-63.. Lentil
plays a significant role in human and animal nutrition and in maintenance and
improvement of soil fertility 8. Sarker A, Kumar S (2011) Lentils in
production and food systems in West Asia and Africa.International Center for
Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Aleppo, Syria. Grain Legumes
57: 46-48. 9. Frederick M, Cho S, Sarker A, McPhee K, Coyne C, et al. (2006)
Application of biotechnology in breeding lentil for resistance to biotic and
abiotic stress. Euphytica 147(1-2): 149-165.. Its cultivation enriches soil
nutrient status by adding nitrogen, carbon and organic matter which promotes
sustainable cerealbased systems of crop production 8. Sarker A, Kumar S (2011)
Lentils in production and food systems in West Asia and Africa.International
Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Aleppo, Syria.
Grain Legumes 57: 46-48.. It is a nutritious food legume. It is cultivated for
its seed and mostly eaten as split 10. Iqbal A, Khalil IA, Ateeq N, Khan N
(2006) Nutritional