Eating in order to maintain low weight. Anorexia

Eating disorders are psychological problems that
manifest in the feeding habits of the individual. In the long run, the eating
disorders affect the physical well-being of the individual negatively. There
are three most commonly known eating disorders. They include; binge eating disorders,
bulimia disorders and anorexia nervosa (Basu & Chakraborty 175). These are
mainly caused by stress and pressure from other external issues that spill over
into the lifestyle of people. Anorexia and bulimia Nervosa often lead to people
being dangerously underweight while binge eating disorder cause people to be
overweight. Binge eating occurs when a person eats a large quantity of food
within a short time, uncontrollably. Bulimia Nervosa occurs when people eat a
large quantity of food and then force themselves to throw it up in order to
maintain low weight. Anorexia nervosa is a disorder where people eat too little
food for fear of being weighty. Over weight cannot apply in this instance
because they are never heavy in the first place.

            Bulimia nervosa is an eating
disorder that results in the patients developing other complications such as
breaking of teeth and thicker skin on the knuckles. Bulimia patients often eat
a lot of food but take measures to get rid of the food from their systems. This
is inclusive of forcing themselves to throw up, taking laxatives, fasting or
even stimulants among others. People with bulimia are normally more difficult
to point out unlike anorexia (Rushing, Jones, & Carney 221). This is
because the body weight of people with bulimia is not noticeably low. However,
the effects of bulimia can be adverse. People suffering from bulimia are more
prone to committing suicide, use of drugs, depression and anxiety disorders.
Bulimia is usually caused by the environment within which the patient exists as
well as genetic factors. When one person in a family has it, it raises the
chances of another remember of the family suffering from the same.

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            Anorexia nervosa is a disorder
whereby the patient eats very little in a bid to maintain low weight. The
patients of anorexia are usually thin and dangerously underweight. This because
they eat less than the minimum amount their bodies can take. Anorexia nervosa
for the patients is an uncontrolled desire to remain thin and try to get
thinner each day. The patients will often choose what to eat and when to eat.
They are the same people who will eat little food and engage in rigorous
exercises in a bid to maintain their low weight.  For women, anorexia nervosa can cause their
menstruation to stop. Generally, anorexia can cause infertility and cause
damage to the heart. Anorexia is often experienced after the patients get
through stressful events like bullying for being big. (Terry, Connelly, &
O’Neil 169) The people who suffer from this disorder mainly are athletes,
models and dancers. These are careers and activities that view small body sizes
as being perfect and ideal. The actual causes of anorexia have not been
ascertained as yet.

Binge eating disorder is an eating condition where the
patient consumes a huge amount of food over a short period of time and
regularly. These people differ from those with bulimia in that people with
binge eating disorder do not purge. They eat and let the food remain in their
bodies. As a result, after a short period of time, they gain weight and become
over weight. People with this condition often have an uncontrollable appetite
and desire for food (Gruzca, Przybeck, & Cloninger 128). The disorder is characterized
by the patient eating uncontrollably to a point where they feel over fed. They
eat even when they are not hungry. After the eating activity, the patients may
feel bad about their habit being uncontrollable and some of them eat in private
to hide their addiction from people especially after people comment about their
weight. Binge eating is often caused by psychological problems such as
depression, post- traumatic phases and physical abuse among others.

            To conclude, eating disorders are
very common in the society. Treatment for these disorders usually takes a very
long time and requires cooperation from the patients and willingness to accept
treatment. This is mainly because the treatment usually begins with handling
the psychological issues that cause people to develop eating disorders. The
most dangerous of the three disorders judging by the effects they have on the
patients is anorexia. Anorexia can lead to death more easily that the other
two. This means that anorexia patients are hardest to treat and take a
relatively longer time to recover. Eating disorders in the society need to be
addressed with more seriousness. Awareness should be created so that the
patients are not castigated for their problems but rather get the help they
need. People who realize they might be suffering from eating disorders should
be encouraged to seek professional help. For people with bulimia and anorexia
should ensure that they get the right diet plans for maintaining their weight.
Those with binge eating disorders on the other hand should be helped with their
psychological issues so that they can effectively control their appetites
without being judged. Eating disorders should not be treated as personal choice
issues because they are beyond the control of the patient.