Battles of the Revolutionary
The Battle of Lexington and
The First Revolutionary
Battle was at Lexington and Concord in April 19th 1775. When British soldiers
are sent to take colonial weapon, the British run into an untrained and under
armed militia. The Colonials defeat 700 British soldiers, killing over 100. The
surprise victory boosts their confidence for the war ahead. American victory.
The Battle of Bunker Hill
On June 17, 1775, the
Americans defended bunker hill, the British slaughtered the untrained Americans
at the Battle of Bunker Hill in Massachusetts. Despite their loss, the
inexperienced colonial forces inflicted significant casualties against the
enemy, and the battle also gave them an important confidence boost. British
The Battle of Fort
Located on Lake Champlain in
northeastern New York, was Fort Ticonderoga. On May 10, 1775, Benedict Arnold
of Massachusetts joined Ethan Allen in a dawn attack on the fort, surprising
and capturing the sleeping British garrison. Although it was a small-scale
conflict, the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga was the first American victory
of the Revolutionary War. This invasion would give the Continental Army
much-needed artillery to be used in future and bolster moral. American victory.
The Battle of Long Island
On August 27, 1776 the
British Army successfully moved against the American Continental Army led by
George Washington. The battle was supposed to cut off New England from the rest
of the colonies and thereby isolate New England from the rest of the colonies.
Washington’s defeat could have led to the surrender of his entire force, but he
was smart and escaped silently overnight, and went on to continue the
fight. British victory.
The Battle of Saratoga
In 1777 the two Battles of
Saratoga were a turning point in the American Revolution. On September 19th, Gen.
Burgoyne led his army to a small victory. He didn’t heed the warnings of by
looks of his men, and he marched them into battle. He lost that battle, he
surrendered ten days later. The American victory told the French and Louis XVI
to help the Americans. American victory.
The Battle of Brandywine
The Battle of Brandywine,
also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was fought between the Americans
and British September 11, 1777. General Howe and General Cornwallis split their
18,000 army, and attacked. General Cornwallis took his force on a flank route
to the right, while Howe attacked from the front. The Americans made a hasty
retreat after they soon realized they were outnumbered and being surrounded. British victory.
The Battle of Cowpens
The Battle of Cowpens, fought
on January 17, 1781, in South
Carolina. During the Revolutionary War, American soldiers under orders from
Brigadier General Daniel Morgan fought British forces under Lieutenant Colonel
Banastre Tarleton. The Americans dominated the British, and the battle was the
turning point in the war’s Southern campaign. American victory.
The Battle of Camden
The Battle of Camden in South
Carolina was a hard-fought victory for the British during the American
Revolutionary War. Despite the disease among his men, Continental General
Horatio Gates chose to engage British General Charles Cornwallis’s force on the
morning of August 16, 1780. The sickness of the Americans gave the British an
advantage in numbers and strength. The British pressed forward, as the sole
side in possession of bayonets, they slaughtered the Americans. With the
encounter resulting in 2,000 Patriots killed or taken prisoner and heavy losses
of canons, Gates was removed from command and replaced by Nathanael Greene.
Battle of Yorktown
On this day in 1781, General
George Washington, commanding a force of 17,000 French and Continental troops,
start the Battle of Yorktown, against British General Lord Charles Cornwallis and 9,000 British soldiers. It was regarded as
the most important battle of the war. The French blocked the escape from sea
while the Americans and French blocked escape by land. They nonstop bombarded
the British until General Cornwallis surrendered to Washington, basically
ending the war.
The Battle of Valley Forge
The winter at Valley Forge
could have been the end of the American Revolutionary War. But General George
Washington did not give up. He invited Baron Friedrich von Steuben to the camp to help the
hygiene issue. He greatly helped. George also got Nathanael Greene, who became
the commissary officer, so George was able to focus on plans. Baron and Greene
greatly decreased the deaths of the soldiers. The Americans ended up winning.
The Battle of Monmouth
In 1778, General Henry
Clinton retreats up to the north and on the way there, they got to the Monmouth
Church. Clinton stationed some of his troops there to protect it. General
George Washington ordered some troops to go around and flank the Brits. The
band of soldiers were not expecting Lord Cornwallis’s rear guard to be there,
and the continental troops quickly retreated. George Washington then attacked
from the front expecting his troops attacking from the back to quickly sandwich
them. But they still were being held back. The battle ended in a draw.
The Battle of Trenton
On the morning of December
26, 1776, in Trenton, New Jersey after General George
Washington’s crossing of the Delaware River north of Trenton the
previous night, Washington led the charge with most of his men against Hessian soldiers garrisoned at
Trenton. After the very short conflict the Americans captured most of the
German soldiers. The battle significantly boosted the Continental Army’s
flagging morale, and inspired re-enlistments. The battle ended in an American
The Battle of Waxhaw-Buford’s
May 29, 1780, near Lancaster,
South Carolina, between American force led by Abraham Buford and a British
force led by British officer Banastre Tarleton. Buford to surrender, and the
consequences were being attacked by Tarleton’s cavalry, many threw down their
arms to surrender. Buford apparently attempted to surrender. However, the
British commanding officer Tarleton was shot at during the truce, having his
horse fall and trap him. The British were outraged so they attacked the rest of
People of the revolutionary
George Washington was born in 1732 and died in
1799. He was a normal child growing up and never went to college. During the
Revolutionary War he was a general for the Continentals. He had a very rocky
start but then started to pick up after the night attack on the Hessians. He
was a great General but later he became the very first President of the United
States of America.
American patriot Samuel
Adams born 1722, and died in 1803, did not succeed as a brewer and a
newspaper publisher before becoming a Son of Liberty. He despised the British
and took it out on the tea act. Adams came up with the idea and coordinated the
Boston Tea Party. He represented Massachusetts in the Continental Congress from
1774 through 1781. After serving as John Hancock’s lieutenant from 1789 to 1793,
Adams took over as governor before retiring in 1797.
John Adams was born in 1735 and died in
1826, was a leader of the American Revolution. The Massachusetts-born,
Harvard-educated Adams began his career as a lawyer. Adams became a critic of
Great Britain’s authority in colonial America. During the 1770s, he joined the
Continental Congress and in the 1780s, Adams served as a diplomat in Europe and
helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris. From 1789 to 1797, Adams was America’s
first Vice President. He then served a term as the nation’s second President.
He was defeated for another term by Thomas Jefferson.
Benedict Arnold born in 1741 and died in1800,
was an early American hero of the war, who later became one of the most
infamous traitors in U.S. history after he switched sides and fought for the
British. During the British invasion of New York at the Battle of Lake Champlain,
he fought very hard. He also led the charge in a battle that brought about the
surrender of British General John Burgoyne’s army at Saratoga. While in secret
negotiations with the British, he agreed to betray the US by revealing the
location of the U.S. post at West Point, a command in the British army and
money. By the time Washington discovered the plot Arnold was gone.
Paul Revere was born 1735 and died in
1818 he rode across the states shouting warnings that the British were coming.
He was immortalized in the Henry Wadsworth Longfellow poem “The Midnight Ride
of Paul Revere,” he was carrying the info of an impending British invasion to
the town of Lexington, Massachusetts, where the militia was holding guns and
ammo. If he were not riding the militias guns and ammo would have been
Patrick Henry born in 1736 and died in
1799, was one of the leading figures of the American Revolutionary period. He
spoke out against Stamp and Townshend Acts levied by England, he also stirred
Patriots with his famous Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death speech. Henry served
a crucial role in the overthrow of the royally appointed Virginia leadership
and was elected governor multiple times. Although he opposed the formation of
the U.S. Constitution as a threat to the liberties of the people and the rights
of the states, his criticisms helped bring about the amendments that became the
bill of rights.
Mary Ludwig Hays born 1754 and died in 1832, she fought at the battle of
Monmouth. Believed to be the only woman that fought in the war, she helped the
soldiers loading the cannons. She had her dress blown off during the battle,
but kept going. Surprisingly she never died.
Marquis de Lafayette Marie-Joseph
Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier born 1757 and died in 1834. In the United
States often known as Lafayette, was a French aristocrat and military officer
who helped George Washington in the Revolutionary War. He and his wife adored
Washington, he also loved the idea of America. He wanted to see America grow
and thrive, but also see Britain lose.
General John Burgoyne born in 1722 and died on
1792. The general was very successful for the first part of the war. But the
last half ended badly, he surrendered to General Gates. He and his army spent
the rest of the war in a prison boat. But later in life his successful play,
The Heiress, released in 1786, secured his literary reputation.
General William Howe born 1729 and died 1814, he
was very successful general. He was also a good general at the start of the
revolutionary war, but it started declining. He lost many battles and men
before he turned in his resignation. He never regained the Kings appreciation
but he kept training future soldiers.
General Charles Cornwallis born 1738 and died 1805, led
several successful early campaigns during the American Revolution, securing
British reliably. In 1781, as second in command to Gen. Henry Clinton, he moved
his forces to Virginia, where he was defeated at the Battle of Yorktown. This
final battle for Cornwallis was the final battle of the war.
Thomas Paine born 1737 died 1809, helped
shape many of the ideas that marked the Age of Revolution. His most important
pamphlet, common sense was a huge hit, that advocated American independence.
His highly popular Common Sense was the first pamphlet to advocate American
independence. continued writing when he went back to England. His political
views led him into prison. He continued writing more pamphlets after he got
Thomas Jefferson born 1743 died 1826, was a strong American
leader and was a member of the continental congress. He wrote the declaration
of independence, while he was the governor of Virginia. He was the vice
president under john Adams, and later became the president of the united
Benjamin Franklin born in 1706 and died in
1790, was a statesman, author, publisher, scientist, inventor and diplomat. He
had little education, but went on to start a printing business in Philadelphia
and grew wealthy. Franklin garnered acclaim for his experiments with
electricity, among other projects, During the American Revolution, he served in
the Second Continental Congress. He was a creator and signer of the declaration
of independence. He also negotiated the 1783 Treaty of Paris that ended the
King George the Third born 1738 and died 1820
ascended the British throne in 1760. During his 59-year reign, he pushed
through a British victory in the Seven Years’ War, led England’s successful
resistance to Revolutionary and France. He scorned at the loss of the American
Revolution. He later died in insanity and blindness, it took him over slowly
King Louis XVI born 1754 and died 1793, was
the French King whose reign ended in the French Revolution. He helped the
Americans and George Washington win the Revolutionary War when the Americans
proved they could fight. He later went to keep fighting the British and Mary
Marie Antoinette. He and his wife both were executed after the French people
saw the revolution of the Americans and followed in their steps.
“Don’t fired unless fired
upon, but if they mean to have war, let it begin here.”
– Capt. John Parker 1775
I felt that this quote meant
that we didn’t want war, but if we had to have it, let’s do it now. Bring it,
“We fight, get beat, rise and
– General Nathanael Greene
This quote spoke to me
because it embodies the American spirit that is alive even today in the US
Army. Marines never leave a man behind.
“Give me liberty or give me
– Patrick Henry
Many people still feel this
way about our country, it was why our country was founded – Liberty!
“We must all hang together,
or assuredly we shall all hang separately.”
– Ben Franklin signing the
Declaration of Independence.
It is inspiring how so many
people were so passionate, against the British, and the old saying – did it
come from Ben? Is true – “there is strength in numbers.”
“I regret that I have but one
life to lose for my country”
– Nathan Hale’s last words
before being hanged.
Again, passion and love for
the country is awe inspiring. I bet many people felt like that.
The Proclamation of 1763 is Britain’s way of keeping
colonists off the Indians lands. It was declared after the French and Indian
war, on October 7 1763 by King George the third. It’s still a fundamental
native American law even today across America and Canada.
French and Indian war Also known as the Seven
Years’ War started 1757 and ended 1763. The war was French and Native Americans
combined forces against the British, the war lasted seven years. Later in the
war the British turned the tables on the French at Fort Frontenac. The war
ended when the treaty of Paris was signed, as was the revolutionary war.
The sugar act also known as the revenue
act was proclaimed in 1764 by parliament. After the first act was to expire
this act was a tax on molasses also. It taxed people six pence per gallon of
the imported substance. The goal of the act was to raise revenue to help pay
for military costs.
The Stamp Act was proclaimed in 1765, and
it taxed every piece of printed paper. It taxed such goods as dice, playing
cards, legal documents, newspaper and almanacs. The goal of the act was to
raise money for the Seven Years War.
The Townshend act was proclaimed in 1767. The colonists viewed it as an abuse
of power after the last acts. The act was eventually repealed but left the tax
on tea. Some of the imported items that it taxed were: glass, lead, paints,
paper and tea.
The Quartering Act was proclaimed in 1765.
The act allowed the British soldiers to live in colonist’s houses. It also
allowed soldiers to eat
and drink colonists’ food. The goal of the act was to keep the uprising of
rebels at a low by catching them when the troops moved in, or by overhearing
The Boston Massacre, known
as the Incident on King Street by the British happened on march 5 1770. A squad
of British soldiers were being attacked by a mob. One of the soldiers
fired, which caused others to fire. Over all five died all colonists. The event
greatly boosted the revolution.
The Boston Tea Party happened on December 16, 1773. The sons
of liberty boarded 3 ships and dumped tea into the Boston harbor. They did this
because of the British oppression. The British said they would have to pay all
the tea off or the harbor will be closed.
The Tea Act was proclaimed in 1773 and
was the precursor to the Boston Tea Party. It was intended to raise revenue for
the East India company, not the colonists. The East India company was going to
use the money to sell tea to the colonists at a reduced rate to undermine the
other local tea business.
The Intolerable Acts, also called the Coercive
Acts were conceived and declared in 1774. the acts were meant to punish
colonists. The first act in the coercive acts was to pay off the tea or the Boston
harbor would be forever closed. The next act was limiting only one town meeting
year, which ticked off the Massachusetts people. The next one was that all British
officers committed of a crime were to be taken to England to be tried “fairly”.
The fourth act was that any soldier can go in your house and kick you out if
there was insufficient space.
The First Continental Congress
started in 1774.
twelve out of the thirteen colonies attended, Georgia didn’t attend because
they needed British support fighting native Americans. They met in secret and,
organized colonial resistance against the British’s coercive acts.
The Olive Branch Petition created on July 8, 1775, was a final attempt to avoid a war.
It was adopted by the second continental congress, and was submitted to King George
the 3rd in July 8th. He formally declined it. King George didn’t even look at
The Declaration of Independence created in July 4, 1776 was
written to declare independence from Britain. The declaration also declared war
on Britain. The author was Thomas Jefferson and signed by him and many others.
To summarize it, it said, “…every man is created equal, and every man has the
right to pursue happiness.”
The Second Continental Congress The Second Continental
Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started
meeting in the spring of 1775 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It succeeded the
First Continental Congress, which met in Philadelphia between September 5, 1774
and October 26, 1774.
Common Sense Published by Thomas
Paine in 1776, Common Sense
challenged the authority of the British government and parliament. The plain
language that Paine used spoke to the common people of America and was the
first pamphlet the openly wanted independence from Britain.
The treaty of Paris-1783 The Treaty of Paris of 1783, negotiated between the United
States and Great Britain, ended the revolutionary war and recognized American
independence. The Continental Congress named a five-member commission to
negotiate a treaty–John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson,
and Henry Laurens.