ABSTRACT did not start a new group almost

ABSTRACT :

In this project,
I will discuss about “ISIS”

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·       
Introduction

·       
History

·       
Origin

·       
Leaders

·       
Groups Allied With ISIS

·       
Income source

·       
Paris attack And Reason behind it.

·       
ISIS and Syria

·       
ISIS and Iraq

·       
Recruitment Strategy

·       
Social Media

·       
Organization Success

·       
Future Goal

·       
Strategy to Defeat

·       
Conclusion

 

INTRODUCTION :

The Islamic
State of Iraq and the Levant, also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria
or Islamic State of Iraq and Al-Sham, Islamic State and by its Arabic language acronym
Daaish, is a Salafi and Wahhabi. This organization has emerged from radical
Sunni Jihadists in Iraq , who fought under the banner “Al-Qaeda” in Iraq

Leader                                    :           Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (

Founder                      :            Abu Musab al-Zarqawi

Founded                      :            1999

Motto                          :            baqiya wa tatamadad  ( remaining
and expanding )

Anthem                       :           ‘My Nation, Dawn Has Appeared”

Originated as  :            Jama’at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad (1999 )

Headquarters :            Raqqa, Syria, Sirte, Libya

 

History :

·       
Formation ( 1999 )

·       
Joined Al-Qaeda ( October
2004 )

·       
Declaration of an Islamic
State in Iraq ( 13 October 2006 )

·       
Claim of territory in the
Levant ( 8 April 2013 )

·       
Separated from Al-Qaeda ( 3
February 2014 )

·       
Declaration of “Caliphate” (
29 June 2014)

·       
Claim of territory in Libya
, Egypt , Algeria , Saudi Arabia , and Yeman . ( 13 November 2014 )

 

 

ORIGIN :

This organization did not start a new group almost many peoples were
already former of Al-Qeuda ( 2004 ) . they were trained fighters  having experience  in battle field more than a decade.

Leaders:

·       
Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi (real
name is Ibrahim Al-badri, also known as Abu douaa)

·       
Abu Ayman Al-Iraqi ( In
reality he is leading the fighter of this organization, and also a member of
military council )

·       
Abu Ahmed Al-Alwani ( the
real name of this person is Waleed Jassem Al-Alwani, also member of military
council )

GROUPS ALLIED WITH
ISIS :

Pakistan: ( Jandullah,
shahidulah shahid group, Tehrik-e-Khilafat ) 
Afghanistan : ( Salafi
Taliban )
Libya : ( Ansar Al-Shariah
)
Indonesia : ( Abu Bakar
Bashir )
Nigeria : ( Boko Haram )
Uzbekistan : Islamic
Movement of Uzbekistan(IMU)
Egypt : ( Gamah Islamiyah
)
Philippines : ( Ansar
Bait-ul-Maqdis )

INCOME SOURCE:

·       
.Oil and extortion

·       
Kidnapping ( lots of
journalist have been kidnapped and badly Killed by this Organization )

·       
Robbery ( According to
different estimates, in june 2014,  900
millions dollars to 2 billion dollars were robbed by a gunmen from branch of
Central bank of Iraq )

·       
According to the Federal
Drug Control Service in Russia.One billion dollars is the annual income of
transporting heroin from Afghanistan to Europe.

US and Middle East are the two main target of this
Organization. One of ISIS’s messages to the U.S is “We will drown all of you into blood”. It is evident that
on the morning of 7 January 2015, two ISIS militants came into the Charlie
Hebdo building and killed 11 people and injured another 11 people

Paris Attack :

13 November 2015 , Terrorist attacked Paris, 130 people were killed and
368 injured, 80-90 were severely injured. And seven terrorist were killed
during this action

REASON BEHIND PARIS
ATTACK :

·       
.France is taking more part
in Africa to fight against JIHAD .

·       
France’s Mali Anti-Jihad
operation .

·       
France is the more
interventionist from the western power .

 

 

ISIS and
SYRIA :

Syria being a Sunni majority country is ruled by a Shia
President Bashar al Assad since 2000 and even before him Syria was ruled by his
father Hafez al-Assad from 1971 onwards. • The civil war started in 2011 and
this gave Turkey an opportunity by which it allowed a southern border with
Syria so porous that it offered ISIS and the al-Qaeda-affiliated Jabhat
al-Nusra what amounted to a logistical safe zone • In March 2013, it took over
the Syrian city of Raqqa – the first provincial capital to fall under rebel
control. • Iran backed Hezbollah are pro Assad • The Russia is continuing its
air strike on ISIS in North-eastern Syria • The Saudi and Qatar govt. are
funding Sunni militias to fight against Assad. Even U.S.A is calling for the
resignation of Assad rather than regime change, because it has seen the failure
of it in Iraq. • US-backed Syrian rebels have also begun advancing on IS
stronghold, the city of Raqqa, in northern Syria.

 

ISIS and
IRAQ :

 • IS grew out of
what was AQI, which was formed by Sunni militants after the US-led invasion in
2003 and became a major force in the country’s sectarian war.

 • Since Shia Arabs
are majority (60-65%), Sunnis are 32-37%.

 • Paul Bremer idea
of De-Baathification and the disbanding of Iraqi army gave ISIS new leaders to
fight in their Jihad. As all these were the associates of Saddam Hussein. •
More than half of the leadership of ISIS was present in Camp bucca, Camp nama
and Camp cropper. Maj. Gen. Douglas Stone, prison commander in Iraq mentions
the camps as a Jihadi University.

 • Iraqi special
forces and army units have liberated the eastern half of Mosul and are now
advancing into the western part of the city. • Brig Gen Yahya Rasool, a
military spokesman, said the extremist group currently controls less than
12,000 square miles (30,000sq. km) in Iraq, or 6.8 per cent of the country’s
territory.

 

RECRUITMENT STRATEGY
:

They try to convince Muslims all around the world that West specially US
is at war with Islam. This has been the prominent reason which has helped in
the recruitment of Jihadis.

Methods used for
Recruitment :

Religion
Magazine
Social Media 

SOCIAL MEDIA:

.The study of social media and internet searches ( covering Twitter,
Facebook, YouTube and Google ) and found that the  people age of 16 to 30 years take more
interest in global terror outfi

.He is quicklydiffusing in the social media with a message to Kill all
Hindus in India.

ORGANIZATION
SUCCESS :

• According to the U.S. State Department, 68 player in the organization
playing there role to contributing either military forces or resources.

• the Fighting strength has reduced to an estimate of
12,000 to 15,000 fighters in Iraq and Syria.

• In 2017 the organization has lost around 60% of the
populated territory held in Iraq, and around 30% of the populated territory
held in Syria.

• The oil and gas resource are being targeted which is
forcing ISIS to call for foreign donations.

The Future Goals:

·       
They want to take control of
North Africa, most of the Indian Subcontinent, parts of Europe, middle East,
within the next five years ( 2020 ).They control over in Iraq and Syria with
approximated collection of 2.8 million to 5.3 million people

·       
Foundation of new Islamic
State

·       
Muslim should live under one
Islamic State that is ruled by Sharia Laws

Strategy
to defeat ISIS :

Start with
the U.S and Russia and then bring in Iran and Saudi Arabia.
Move beyond
air strikes.
Support the
moderate opposition in Syria and end the civil war.
Exploit the
Islamic State’s weaknesses.
Establish an
Iraqi national guard.
Push Turkey
to play a bigger role.
De-radicalization
centers.
UN need to
play a major role.

CONCLUSION :

Themain goals are to establish a
caliphate, expand territory, and conquer other countries. The threats are to
kill westerners and Muslim cities and make them believe in their
theology. ISIS is being stopped and overall ISIS is still rising but it is
being slowed down dramatically. ISIS was created by Abu Ayyub al-Masri and
when he started ISIS his main goal(which is the same today) is to establish an
Islamic Caliphate. Overall, It is a very dangerous organization but if taken
care of properly, they can be stopped. I will prefer that inhuman activities should be banned